Our immune system’s first line of defense against bacteria and viruses through the mouth is the tonsils.  This is the reason why tonsils are susceptible to infections and inflammation. However, the tonsil’s immune system functions decline after puberty; it’s a rare condition in adults.

Adenoids and tonsils are a part of the lymphatic system. Adenoids are located behind the nose. Both of these help protect from infections by trapping germs that travel through the mouth and nose.  Sometimes they become infected too. Tonsillitis makes the tonsils inflated and swollen. Adenoids also become enlarged causing difficulty in breathing and ear problems.

Tonsillitis is caused by an infection with a common virus or by a bacterial infection. The treatment for it depends on its cause, making it essential for the doctor to diagnose the cause promptly and accurately. It can be treated easily with antibiotics or can be removed surgically. However, doctors recommend surgery only if a patient has a recurrent problem of tonsillitis, and all treatments fail to heal or cause other complications.

This condition is common in children between pre-school and teenage years. Common symptoms include; red and swollen tonsils, sore throat, fever, bad breath, painful swallowing, yellow or white coating on the tonsils, headaches, stiff neck, throaty voice, and stomachache.

Chronic tonsillitis has Inflammation or swelling of the tonsils which can cause complications such as:

•           Difficulty breathing

•           Disrupted breathing during sleep (obstructive sleep apnea)

•           Infection that spreads deep into surrounding tissue (tonsillar cellulitis)

•           Infection that results in a collection of pus behind a tonsil (tonsillar abscess)

Bentham Science Publishers is a reputed name in the STM industry. It has an extensive resource accessible on topics ranging from science, medicine, technology to engineering. One of its journals is “Infectious Disorders – Drug Targets” including topics on Acute Tonsillitis.

Here’s a short review: Acute tonsillitis is an inflammatory process of the tonsillar tissues and is usually infectious in nature.. We describe the anatomic features and the immunologic function of the palatine tonsils, including a detailed discussion of history and physical examination findings, treatment recommendations, and possible complications of acute tonsillitis. Establishing an accurate diagnosis and initiating appropriate treatment are key components of managing this common pathologic process.


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