Headache is the most common condition of pain in the head, sometimes the pain moves to the neck and upper back. Medically headaches are called cephalalgia. They are self-limiting and benign in nature. The most common reason for headaches is migraine, eye-strain, dehydration, low blood sugar, and sinusitis.
Headaches are also a symptom of many life-threatening diseases such as meningitis, encephalitis, brain tumors, extremely high BP and cerebral aneurysms. It also occurs in conjunction with a head injury. Females usually suffer from headaches caused by unstable estrogen during menstrual years. This can occur prior to or before midcyle menstruation.
It won’t be wrong to mention that recurrent headaches may be triggered by other conditions like stress or particular foods, which could then be avoided. Statistically, they are harmless, but headache syndromes may require specific treatment as they might be warning signals of more serious disorders.
Treating uncomplicated headache is usually treated with painkillers such as; aspirin, paracitamol, ibuprofen or more suitable treatment. In serious cases of headaches, doctors recommend Computed Tomography (CT/CAT) scans of the brain or sinuses and MRI in some cases. Blood tests also help in the differential diagnosis.
Bentham Science Publishers is a prominent name in the publishing industry. It consists of more than 100 subscription-based journals and eBooks including topics on drug discovery science, medicine and technology amongst others. CNS & Neurological Disorders – Drug Target which has an article named “Central Sensitisation Phenomena in Primary Headaches: Overview of a Preventive Therapeutic Approach” by M. Ranieri. The article aims to review the factors concurrent with an increase in central sensitization, in view of the choice of preventive agents for primary headaches.