The New Addictive: Sugar

Obesity and other health issues are arising with every passing day. Scientists are researching for ways to reduce the health problems. Many researches have proven that ingestion of cheap sugar is the main factor for increase in weight and various health related issues.

Sugar is available in a number of forms, other than easily available, white powdery form. Corn syrup, honey and maple syrup are some of the other forms that affect our body in a strong way. The highest intake of sugar, by a human being, is through the proliferated use of fizzy drinks.

The era of ‘junk food’ is blamed for the abnormal health of individuals. The manufacturers of high-fat foods were held accountable; they came up with low-fat products but increased the amount of sugar in their merchandise for additional taste. Even though sugar has no protein, no healthy fats, and no enzymes; but constant access to sugary foods is not helpful as its effect changes when combined with other products.

Researchers and health experts have reached out to the food and drink manufacturing giants for limiting the amount of sugar in their products. They are a part of a new anti-sugar campaign that calls the food rich in sugar, ‘the new tobacco.’

Bentham Science Publishers publishes quality research and scholarly articles with a stringent peer- reviewing process. There are more than 116 online and print journals, 150 plus open access journals and more than 300  eBooks.

Headache: A Harmless Condition Or A Warning Sign

Headache is the most common condition of pain in the head, sometimes the pain moves to the neck and upper back. Medically headaches are called cephalalgia. They are self-limiting and benign in nature. The most common reason for headaches is migraine, eye-strain, dehydration, low blood sugar, and sinusitis.

Headaches are also a symptom of many life-threatening diseases such as meningitis, encephalitis, brain tumors, extremely high BP and cerebral aneurysms. It also occurs in conjunction with a head injury. Females usually suffer from headaches caused by unstable estrogen during menstrual years.  This can occur prior to or before midcyle menstruation.

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It won’t be wrong to mention that recurrent headaches may be triggered by other conditions like stress or particular foods, which could then be avoided. Statistically, they are harmless, but headache syndromes may require specific treatment as they might be warning signals of more serious disorders.

Treating uncomplicated headache is usually treated with painkillers such as; aspirin, paracitamol, ibuprofen or more suitable treatment. In serious cases of headaches, doctors recommend Computed Tomography (CT/CAT) scans of the brain or sinuses and MRI in some cases. Blood tests also help in the differential diagnosis.

Bentham Science Publishers is a prominent name in the publishing industry. It consists of more than 100 subscription-based journals and eBooks including topics on drug discovery science, medicine and technology amongst others. CNS & Neurological Disorders – Drug Target which has an article named “Central Sensitisation Phenomena in Primary Headaches: Overview of a Preventive Therapeutic Approach”  by M. Ranieri. The article aims to review the factors concurrent with an increase in central sensitization, in view of the choice of preventive agents for primary headaches.

Bentham Science eBooks: Methods to Determine Enzymatic Activities:

Here is the review of one of the recent e-books of Bentham; “Methods to Determine Enzymatic Activities”. This eBook book features definitions, classifications and applications of selected enzymes important in industry and in biotechnological processes. Analytical methods for these enzymes are also included in the text.

The main objective of this textbook is to provide readers information focused on the current analysis methods of enzymatic activity at qualitative and quantitative levels. Each chapter is about one specific enzyme and contains information about its substrate and some biochemical properties. The methodologies are presented as an experimental protocol allowing interested readers to reproduce the experimental methods detailed within the textbook. These protocols contain the principle of the technique, materials, methods, and all steps necessary for the determination of enzyme activity and interpretation of results. Each methodology is illustrated with photos and schemes for a better and clear understanding.

This book, therefore, uniquely brings modern analysis techniques of industrial enzymes in a single easy to understand volume. This textbook is suitable for undergraduate enzymology courses and advanced industrial biotechnology and microbiology courses.

To read more about this Bentham eBook visit:

http://benthamscience.com/ebooks/9781608053001/index.htm

Heavy Mobile Usage Causes Cancer!

The rate of cancer cases is increasing every year. Apart from numerous reasons for the increase in the rate of cancer cases, one of which is, persistent mobile phone usage. Cellphone usage is a probable a cause of brain cancers, like glioma and acoustic neuronal. These cancers are developed quickly on heavier usage, along with several other severe complications.

Cellphone devices are made using the microwave spectrum technology. This technology emits radioactive frequencies that penetrate in our brains, when attending calls or held close to the body. These invisible rays are very harmful for us, which is a possible cause of cancer, several issues to memory loss, lightheadedness and disorientation.

The adverse effects of using a mobile phone can be decreased if certain tips are followed, like limiting cellphone usage, answering calls in a stationary position, or keeping the mobile phone away from the body, or in the bag when not in use. Using cover protectors are also recommended as it blocks the radioactive ways to some extent.

Researchers working in the telecommunication and networking science and technology field may find online journals useful. Bentham Science Publishers’ journal “Recent Advances in Communications and Networking Technology”publishes review and research articles, and guest edited thematic issues on new advances in communications and networking technology. For more information, you can check http://www.benthamscience.com/rptelc/index.htm

Upcoming eBook Review

Bentham Science aims to publish eBooks in all major areas of technology, social sciences, medicine and humanities. Their eBooks provide professionals, corporate researchers, academicians, graduates and under-graduates globally with the most contemporary information in their subject areas of interest. Bentham Science continues to publish books in every field. A few new eBooks are going to appear under the Bentham Science name, these are as follows:

Rural Lifestyles, Community Well-Being and Social Change: Lessons from Country Australia for Global Citizens: In our increasingly global world, individuals are highly mobile and interconnected. Politics, policies and technologies foster interconnection amongst and within countries as individuals relocate from one place to another. One key issue facing developed and developing countries is urban overcrowding. In Australia, urban density is one factor prompting institutions and individuals to embrace ‘rural revival’ as a possible solution to urban congestion and rural decline. In the past decade, rural Australia has received heightened publicity and interest as a lifestyle destination encouraged by national decentralization policies to alleviate urban overcrowding, particularly the metropolises Melbourne and Sydney, regional councils’ marketing initiatives and international refugee relocation.

The content of this volume will interest a wide audience of graduates and undergraduates, researchers, professional practitioners and policymakers involved with non-profit and government organizations, and interested community members. For the detail of the eBook, please visit: http://benthamscience.com/ebooks/9781608058020/index.htm

Neurobiology of Mood Disorders: This monograph is a collection of selected articles on the subject of mood disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. It is divided into 3 sections: 1) Research methods in psychopharmacology – which highlights some established experimental techniques to study mood disorders in human and relevant animal models, 2) Pathophysiology of mood disorders – which explains the physiological and pharmacological mechanisms responsible for mood disorders and 3) New strategies for the treatment of mood disorders – a concluding section that provides recent examples on the beneficial effects of pharmacological and non-pharmacological interventions in the relief of mood disorders. The e-book serves as a primer for graduate students and researchers interested in the physiology and treatment of affective psychological disorders.

For more details, please visit: http://benthamscience.com/ebooks/9781608054671/index.htm

Social Network Analysis: An Introduction with an Extensive Implementation to a Large-Scale Online Network Using Pajek: This brief textbook explains the principles of social network analysis. The book goes beyond theoretical concepts and gives the reader complete knowledge about how to apply analytical techniques using Pajek to perform a large-scale network analysis. The book covers the topic in 2 sections – the first detailing fundamentals of research design and the next one about methods and applications. Readers can then apply the techniques in this book to other online communities, such as Facebook and Twitter. The book is intended for networking students and general readers who want to learn the basics without going deep into mathematical methods. It is also useful for researchers and professionals from other fields seeking to understand the basics of large-scale social network analysis.

For details on the eBook, please click on: http://benthamscience.com/ebooks/9781608058181/index.htm

Tonsillitis

Our immune system’s first line of defense against bacteria and viruses through the mouth is the tonsils.  This is the reason why tonsils are susceptible to infections and inflammation. However, the tonsil’s immune system functions decline after puberty; it’s a rare condition in adults.

Adenoids and tonsils are a part of the lymphatic system. Adenoids are located behind the nose. Both of these help protect from infections by trapping germs that travel through the mouth and nose.  Sometimes they become infected too. Tonsillitis makes the tonsils inflated and swollen. Adenoids also become enlarged causing difficulty in breathing and ear problems.

Tonsillitis is caused by an infection with a common virus or by a bacterial infection. The treatment for it depends on its cause, making it essential for the doctor to diagnose the cause promptly and accurately. It can be treated easily with antibiotics or can be removed surgically. However, doctors recommend surgery only if a patient has a recurrent problem of tonsillitis, and all treatments fail to heal or cause other complications.

This condition is common in children between pre-school and teenage years. Common symptoms include; red and swollen tonsils, sore throat, fever, bad breath, painful swallowing, yellow or white coating on the tonsils, headaches, stiff neck, throaty voice, and stomachache.

Chronic tonsillitis has Inflammation or swelling of the tonsils which can cause complications such as:

•           Difficulty breathing

•           Disrupted breathing during sleep (obstructive sleep apnea)

•           Infection that spreads deep into surrounding tissue (tonsillar cellulitis)

•           Infection that results in a collection of pus behind a tonsil (tonsillar abscess)

Bentham Science Publishers is a reputed name in the STM industry. It has an extensive resource accessible on topics ranging from science, medicine, technology to engineering. One of its journals is “Infectious Disorders – Drug Targets” including topics on Acute Tonsillitis.

Here’s a short review: Acute tonsillitis is an inflammatory process of the tonsillar tissues and is usually infectious in nature.. We describe the anatomic features and the immunologic function of the palatine tonsils, including a detailed discussion of history and physical examination findings, treatment recommendations, and possible complications of acute tonsillitis. Establishing an accurate diagnosis and initiating appropriate treatment are key components of managing this common pathologic process.

 

For more information, please visit: http://www.benthamscience.com/contents.php?in=100039&m=August&y=2012

Recent Trends in Computer Aided Drug Design:

Computer aided drug design, though comparatively recent and novel, is still a vast field and covers developments in computer-aided methodologies and their applications in drug discovery.

Molecular Dynamics (MD) and Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships (QSAR) are the most common CADD techniques that are used in drug design.

In the field of drug design, molecular dynamics (MD) is used to study various macromolecules as well as macro-molecule small molecule interactions. This technique provides major information of macromolecular processes.

Quantitative Structure Activity Relationships (QSAR) establishes a mathematical correlation between the chemical structures of a set of compounds as well as their biological activities. Recent developments in the field include technological developments in biochemistry, biomedical science, and nanotechnology which have made computer-aided drug design and delivery systems feasible on a molecular basis.

One of the most authentic and original publications regarding computer aided drug designs is Bentham Science Publishers’ journal “Current Computer-Aided Drug Design” which is an essential reading for all medicinal chemists who wish to be kept informed on all important developments in computer-aided methodologies and their applications in drug discovery. You can log on to http://benthamscience.com/ccadd/ for further details